Strategies: Parent-Child Connectedness
The following strategy types have an impact on parent-child connectedness. These include (click to expand):
especially for marginalized communities, where barriers to accessing health care and supportive services are often high and toxic stress is commonplace. Home visiting programs aim to support caregivers and strengthen care-giving practices at home to enhance connections between caregivers and children. A systematic review of the outcomes produced by home visiting programs showed numerous positive changes (Kendrick et al, 2000). Other research by RAND showed that each $1 invested in Nurse Family Partnership nurse visits to low-income, unmarried mothers, produced $5.70 in benefits. Home visits are often conducted by professional visitors, including nurses and social workers, but can also be delivered by trained lay people.
There are numerous evidence-based examples of parent education programs, with the most effective focused on building family protective factors like positive communication, support, and spending time together (University of Wisconsin-Madison Extension, 2008).
Parenting support groups can increase parents’ support networks, confidence, and ability to effectively problem-solve and cope with stress (Gay, 2005), all of which contributes to improved parent-child relationships. Some also provide referrals and concrete supports for low-income parents.
A more intensive option for families, especially those with children with important risk factors for violence. Multisystemic Therapy is one commonly used, highly effective program. In the MST model, therapists work with youth within the broader context in which they live, including visiting with families in their homes and visiting children’s schools.
|Program||Strength of Evidence||Home||School||Community||In NC?||Cost|
|Positive Parenting Program (Triple P)||Evidence-based||X||X||X|
|Strengthening Families Program (SFP), Read more...||Evidence-based||X||X||X||X|
|Child Parent Centers (CPC), Read more...||Evidence-based||X||Tell us|
|Multisystemic Therapy (MST)||Evidence-based||X||X||X||X|
|Incredible Years - Parent, Read more...||Evidence-based||X||X||X|
|Families and Schools Together (FAST)||Evidence-based||X||X||X||Tell us|
|Guiding Good Choices||Evidence-based||Tell us|
|Parents as Teachers (PAT)||Evidence-based||X||X|
|Raising Healthy Children (RHC)||Evidence-informed||Tell us|
|Child First||Evidence-informed||X||X||Tell us|
MORE PROGRAMS to strengthen Parent-Child Connectedness